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Team Supply method
Team Leaders Achievement
Com. Robert E. Peary

89° 59'

Matthew Henson
Robert Bartlett

87° 47'

Ross Marvin

86° 38'

George Borup 85° 23'
Donald MacMillan 84° 40'
John Goodsell, M.D. 84° 29'
4-Teams went on ahead and built camps. Henson & Peary were the 5th and final team poised to make the dash. Igloos were constructed and waiting for them when they arrived. (Igloos are much better and warmer than tents in the Arctic.)

were brought up from the land camp called Crane City. When Peary saw that they needed extra fuel for the stoves Marvin made a special trip back for another load. After each team had served their purpose by hauling supplies, making the trail and building igloos they were sent back to the safety of land.

It is very dangerous on the Arctic Ocean; once Borup's sled started to slide into ocean, his dogs were in the water but he was strong enough to pull the sled back and save his dogs. The sled was so heavy it would have dragged the dogs to the bottom of the sea! When camping with Captain Bartlett the ice split open in the middle of camp while they slept. Matt and Peary had to rescue him when his igloo was stranded on a big piece of ice in the water. Another time Matt fell in and would have drown but Seegloo saved him. Eskimos claimed Marvin fell in the ocean and drowned. Years later one of them confessed he shot Marvin over an argument.

The final assault team
was comprised of Henson & Peary with Ootah, Ooqueah, Seegloo, and Egingwah. When all the others had done their work and built the igloos, made the trail, and exhausted themselves, they went back to land. Only Matt, Peary, 4 Eskimos and 40 dogs went the last 133 nautical miles to the Pole.

On the return it was fast & easy because there was a trail to follow made by all the other sleds that had gone back and forth. Also, they threw most of the weight off their sleds. The dogs were excited to be going home and *ran faster (they were scared out on the dangerous Arctic Ocean ice). There was a strong wind from behind them that helped, too. They did not have to waste time making a shelter each day, because there were camps set up and waiting stocked with food and fuel for the stoves. The plan worked! That is how they did it.

*This was just re-discovered in 2000 by Paul Landry and Paul Crowley. No one since 1909 had tried to go back to land from the Pole. When they did they learned the secret of how Peary and Henson came back so fast! The dogs know they are going back to the safety of land and that makes them very happy.  Paul said the dogs were so happy they ran instead of trotting. Apparently they smell their own urine markers that they left along the trail on the way north. No one knew this effect upon the dogs—in 90 years it had never been mentioned by any "expert."

Bradley Robinson, January, 2002